Skip to content

Electric Screwdriver – Types and Kinds

  • by
electric screwdrivers

Types of Electric Screwdrivers

Electric screwdriver is an indispensable tools in various industries and DIY projects, known for their efficiency and time-saving capabilities. They come in several types, each tailored for specific applications. Here are the main types of electric screwdrivers:

1. Corded Electric Screwdrivers

Corded electric screwdrivers are power tools that operate via a direct electrical connection. They are designed to provide a consistent and uninterrupted power supply during operation. These screwdrivers are equipped with a cord that needs to be plugged into a power source, allowing them to deliver reliable torque for various screw driving tasks.


Corded electric screwdrivers offer several distinct advantages that make them valuable tools in numerous professional and DIY applications:

  • Continuous Power Supply: Unlike their cordless counterparts, corded screwdrivers do not rely on batteries. This means they can operate continuously without the need for recharging or battery swaps.
  • Higher Torque Capabilities: Corded models often boast higher torque levels compared to cordless versions. This makes them well-suited for tasks involving larger or more stubborn screws.
  • Suitable for Heavy-Duty Applications: Due to their consistent power supply and robust torque output, corded electric screwdrivers excel in heavy-duty applications where significant driving force is required.


However, it’s important to consider the limitations of corded electric screwdrivers:

  • Limited Mobility: Since they are tethered to a power source by a cord, corded screwdrivers have restricted mobility. This can be a drawback when working in large or hard-to-reach spaces.
  • Cord Management Challenges: The cord can be cumbersome to manage, potentially leading to issues with tangling, tripping hazards, or limitations on range of motion.

Popular Models and Their Features

Bosch SG250:

Bosch SG250 Electric Screwdriver

Known for its durability and reliability, the Bosch SG250 corded screwdriver features adjustable torque settings, allowing for precise control over fastening applications. It also incorporates an ergonomic grip for comfortable extended use.


DEWALT DW272 Electric Screwdriver

This model from DEWALT is lauded for its high torque output, making it ideal for heavy-duty applications. It comes with a depth-sensitive “set and forget” nosepiece for consistent fastener depth, enhancing efficiency.

Makita FS2500:

Makita FS2500 Electric Screwdriver

The Makita FS2500 is favored for its powerful motor and high-speed capabilities. It is designed with an ergonomic handle and a lock-on button for enhanced user comfort and reduced fatigue during prolonged use.

These models exemplify the quality and performance associated with corded electric screwdrivers, catering to a wide range of professional and industrial needs. It’s worth noting that when selecting a corded electric screwdriver, considering factors such as torque requirements and ergonomic features is crucial for achieving optimal results in various screwdriving applications.

2. Cordless Electric Screwdrivers

Cordless electric screwdrivers, also known as battery-powered screwdrivers, are versatile tools designed for driving screws and fasteners without the need for a direct electrical connection. They are powered by rechargeable batteries, which provide the necessary energy to operate the motor that drives the screw.

These screwdrivers typically come in a compact and ergonomic design, making them easy to handle and maneuver in various working conditions. They are widely used in both professional and DIY settings due to their convenience and portability.


1. Portability and Mobility

    • Cordless electric screwdrivers do not rely on a constant power source, allowing users to work in locations without easily accessible electrical outlets.
    • Ideal for jobs that require moving around or reaching tight spaces where cords may be impractical.

2. Versatility in Tight Spaces

    • Their compact size and absence of a cord make them perfect for tasks in confined or hard-to-reach areas.
    • Excellent for tasks like assembling furniture, working in cabinets, or installing fixtures.

3. Convenience of Use

    • They offer hassle-free operation without the need to manage cords or worry about tripping hazards.
    • Quick and easy setup, making them suitable for tasks with frequent screwdriving needs.


1. Limited Battery Life

    • Cordless screwdrivers rely on rechargeable batteries, which have a finite amount of power. Extended use may require recharging or carrying spare batteries.
    • Prolonged work sessions may be interrupted for recharging, potentially slowing down the workflow.

2. Lower Torque Compared to Corded Models

    • While cordless screwdrivers are versatile, they generally have lower torque levels compared to their corded counterparts. This can limit their effectiveness for heavy-duty applications.

Popular Models and Their Features

DeWalt DCF682N1 Gyroscopic Screwdriver


    • Gyroscopic technology for intuitive control
    • Adjustable two-position handle for versatility
    • 8V MAX battery for reliable power
    • LED light for improved visibility in low-light conditions

Bosch PS31-2A 12-Volt Max Drill/Driver


    • High-performance motor for efficient drilling and driving
    • Lightweight and compact design for easy handling
    • Two-speed transmission for versatile applications
    • 12V Lithium-Ion battery for long-lasting power

Makita XSF03Z 18V LXT Lithium-Ion Brushless Cordless Drywall Screwdriver


    • Brushless motor for increased power and efficiency
    • Adjustable nose piece for consistent screw depth
    • Ergonomic design with rubberized grip for comfort during extended use
    • 18V Lithium-Ion battery for extended runtime

These models represent a range of cordless electric screwdrivers available on the market, each with its own set of features tailored to specific applications and user preferences. When choosing a cordless screwdriver, it’s essential to consider factors such as battery life, torque requirements, and ergonomic design to ensure it meets the demands of your intended tasks

3. Impact Drivers

An impact driver is a specialized power tool designed for efficiently driving screws and fasteners. It operates on the principle of rotational as well as concussive force, which imparts a series of rapid, high-torque impulses to the screw or fastener. This unique mechanism allows impact drivers to exert considerably more torque than conventional electric screwdrivers, making them particularly adept at handling demanding tasks.


Impact drivers offer a range of benefits that make them invaluable in various applications. These advantages include:

  • High Torque Output: Impact drivers are engineered to deliver significantly higher torque compared to standard electric screwdrivers. This capability allows them to effortlessly drive screws into dense or resistant materials.
  • Ideal for Driving Long Screws and Fasteners: The combination of high torque output and the rapid, pulsating action of impact drivers makes them exceptionally effective at driving long screws and large fasteners, even in challenging conditions.
  • Reduced User Fatigue: Due to their efficiency and the nature of their impact-based operation, impact drivers reduce the physical strain on the user when engaging in prolonged or demanding tasks. This translates to increased productivity and decreased operator fatigue.


While impact drivers excel in many scenarios, they do come with certain limitations:

  • Less Precision in Delicate Tasks: The rapid, pulsating action of impact drivers can make them less suitable for tasks that require a high degree of precision, especially when working with delicate materials or smaller fasteners.

Popular Models and Their Features

DEWALT DCF887B 20V MAX XR Impact Driver:

    • Max Torque: 1825 in-lbs
    • Speed: 0-1000, 0-2800, 0-3250 RPM
    • Compact and lightweight design for improved maneuverability.

Makita XDT13Z 18V LXT Lithium-Ion Brushless Cordless Impact Driver:

    • Max Torque: 1500 in-lbs
    • Speed: 0-3400 RPM, 0-3600 IPM
    • Brushless motor for enhanced efficiency and longer tool life.

Bosch IDH182-02 18V EC Brushless Socket Ready Impact Driver:

    • Max Torque: 1650 in-lbs
    • Speed: 0-2800, 0-2000, 0-1300 RPM
    • 1/4-inch hex and 1/2-inch square drive, providing versatility in fastener compatibility.

These popular models exemplify the quality and features characteristic of impact drivers, catering to a wide range of professional and DIY applications. They incorporate advanced technologies and ergonomic designs, ensuring optimal performance and user comfort.

4. Screwdriver Drill Combos

Screwdriver drill combos, also known as combination drills, are versatile power tools designed to perform both drilling and screwdriving tasks. These tools integrate the functions of a traditional electric screwdriver and a drill into a single unit, offering a multifaceted solution for various applications.

The basic functionality of a screwdriver drill combo lies in its ability to switch between two primary modes: the screwdriving mode, optimized for inserting and extracting screws, and the drilling mode, tailored for creating holes in different materials. This dual-purpose design enhances the efficiency and adaptability of the tool, making it a valuable addition to any toolkit.


The screwdriver drill combo possesses several notable advantages that make it a preferred choice for both professional tradespeople and DIY enthusiasts:

  1. Versatility in Drilling and Screwdriving Tasks:
    • Enables users to seamlessly transition between drilling holes and driving screws without the need for multiple tools, streamlining work processes.
    • Suitable for a wide range of materials, from wood and metal to plastic and masonry, allowing for diverse applications.
  2. Space-Saving Solution:
    • Consolidates the functionalities of two separate tools into a single compact unit, saving storage space and reducing the need for carrying multiple devices to job sites.

Applications and Scenarios Where Combos Are Beneficial

Screwdriver drill combos find extensive utility across a spectrum of professional and DIY applications. They are particularly advantageous in the following scenarios:

  1. Carpentry and Woodworking:
    • Ideal for tasks such as assembling furniture, installing cabinets, and working with wooden materials that require both drilling and screwdriving operations.
  2. Home Improvement and Renovation:
    • Facilitates various tasks like hanging shelves, attaching fixtures, and making adjustments in residential settings, where a combination of drilling and screwdriving is often required.
  3. General Maintenance and Repairs:
    • Useful for routine maintenance tasks, such as tightening screws, replacing hardware, and conducting minor repairs in both household and commercial environments.

Popular Models and Their Features

Bosch GSR12V-140FCB22

    • Compact and lightweight design for enhanced maneuverability in tight spaces.
    • Offers multiple attachments for increased versatility, including a 1/4-inch hex bit holder and a keyless chuck.

DeWalt DCD771C2

    • High-performance motor capable of delivering up to 300 unit watts out (UWO) of power for efficient drilling and screwdriving.
    • Two-speed transmission for optimal control and versatility in various applications.

Makita XFD061

electric screwdrivers

    • Brushless motor technology for improved efficiency, longer runtime, and extended tool life.
    • Ergonomically designed handle with rubberized grip for reduced user fatigue during prolonged use.

These popular models exemplify the quality and performance associated with screwdriver drill combos, catering to the diverse needs of professionals and DIY enthusiasts alike. When selecting a combo tool, it is imperative to consider factors such as power output, battery life, and additional features to ensure it aligns with the specific requirements of the intended tasks.

The Significance of Electric Screwdrivers

In contemporary industries and do-it-yourself (DIY) endeavors, the electric screwdriver stands as an indispensable tool, bridging the gap between manual effort and mechanized precision. Its emergence has revolutionized the efficiency, accuracy, and speed at which fastening tasks are accomplished, rendering it an invaluable asset across diverse sectors.

A Versatile Workhorse

Electric screwdrivers have transcended traditional manual counterparts by embodying a versatile amalgamation of power, precision, and ergonomic design. This dynamic tool is engineered to serve myriad purposes, ranging from assembly lines in manufacturing plants to intricate woodworking projects in the realm of DIY enthusiasts.

Elevating Productivity and Precision

The advent of electric screwdrivers has heralded a new era in productivity across industries. By virtue of their consistent torque output and ergonomic design, these tools have significantly reduced the time and effort expended in securing fasteners. The precision with which electric screwdrivers operate ensures that fasteners are uniformly seated, thereby mitigating the likelihood of structural compromises or inefficiencies.

Empowering DIY Enthusiasts

In the domain of do-it-yourself projects, electric screwdrivers have emerged as an empowering force. They grant individuals the capacity to undertake projects that might have previously been deemed beyond their scope, due to the demanding nature of manual fastening. With an electric screwdriver in hand, intricate carpentry, furniture assembly, and other such endeavors become accessible and achievable.

Catering to Industry-specific Needs

Moreover, electric screwdrivers have not only permeated the broader industrial landscape but have also adapted to the unique demands of specific sectors. From the rigorous requirements of automotive assembly lines to the delicate precision necessary in electronics manufacturing, electric screwdrivers have become tailored instruments, engineered to meet the exacting standards of each industry.


The selection of an electric screwdriver is a pivotal decision that profoundly influences the efficiency and precision of various tasks. Through our comprehensive exploration of diverse types, from the robust corded models to the versatile cordless variants and specialized impact drivers, it is evident that each possesses distinct strengths and considerations. The judicious consideration of factors such as intended application, ergonomics, power requirements, and budget constraints is paramount. Maintenance and safety should not be overlooked, as they play a vital role in prolonging the tool’s lifespan and ensuring safe operation. Ultimately, the right choice of electric screwdriver signifies a commitment to excellence and precision in one’s craft, enhancing the overall quality of workmanship.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *